Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Kerajaan Uniti Palestin - Lambaran Baru Perjuangan


Hamas yang menang majoriti di dalam pelihanraya kali pertama disertai pada 2006 telah dihalang oleh Fatah dengan dokongan Israel, Amerika dan Eropah sehingga membuatkan Hamas terpaksa mengalah (bagi mengelakkan pertumbahan darah sesama penduduk Palestin). Maka semenjak itu Hamas hanya beautoriti mengurus kerajaan di Gaza, manakala Fatah terus mengekalkan pemerintahan di Tebing Barat. Hamas terus maju ke hadapan mengurus rakyat di Gaza dengan pembangunan dipelbagai sektor khususnya politik, pendidikan, keselamatan dan kesihatan. Fatah terus berusaha untuk membina kekuatan sokongan dikalangan penduduk Palestin, namun tidak dapat membebaskan dirinya dari belengu kebergantungannya dengan kuasa-kuasa besar dan Israel sendiri di sebabkan beberapa perjankian dan rundingan sebelum ini.



Israel dan dokongan barat terus menekan melalui pelbagai penjuru, sama ada di dalam Palestin mahupun diluar seperti di Mesir, Syria, dan tidak kurang di Turkey. Suasana luaran tidak mengubah prinsip perjuangan Hamas, walaupun dari satu segi strategi perjuangan masih boleh di sesuaikan dengan suasana eprsekitaran.


23 April termetri penandatangani 'unity government' Hamas-Fatah yang setelah beberapa ketika diperkatakan. PM Ismail Haniyeh sendiri menanda tangani perjanjian tersebut dan kini kita menunggu langkah-langkah inisiatif seterusnya.

Yang penting kita ingin melihat.....;
a. Rakyat Palestin di Gaza kurang ditekan dari aspek mendapatkan sumbar asas untuk kehidupan seperti makanan, perubatan dan pendidikan.

b. Usaha-usaha membangun Gaza dan membina kekuatan rakyat dan pentadbiran perlu lebih mudah lagi dan tidak diganggu.

c. .... kita sama-sama berdo'a ... lebih banyak inisiatif yang dapat membina kekuatan keatas PENGUSIRAN PENDATANG HARAM YAHUDI ZIONIS dari terus menduduki bumi Palestin.







Rujukan dan gambar2 & Related Link:


Israel serang Gaza setelah perjanjian penyatuan Palestina


Kota Gaza (ANTARA News) - Sebuah pesawat tempur Israel menyerang Jalur Gaza bagian utara, Rabu, mencederai enam orang, satu diantaranya dalam keadaan sangat serius, kata Hamas yang menguasai wilayah itu.

Serangan itu dilakukan ketika ribuan orang turun ke jalan di Kota Gaza merayakan pengumuman Hamas dan PLO mengenai perjanjian untuk membentuk pemerintah persatuan guna mengakhiri perpecahan pemerintahan selama tujuh tahun, lapor AFP.

Israel belum memberikan tanggapan segera mengenai laporan serangan tersebut.

Sebelum serangan itu, kelompok-kelompok Palestina yang bersaing mencapai kesepakatan untuk membentuk sebuah pemerintah persatuan independen dalam waktu lima pekan di bawah kepemimpinan Presiden Palestina yang berkantor di Tepi Barat.

"Sebuah kesepakatan telah dicapai mengenai pembentukan pemerintah independen yang dipimpin Presiden Mahmud Abbas dalam waktu lima pekan," kata sebuah pernyataan yang dibacakan oleh Perdana Menteri Hamas Ismail Haniya yang berdiri bersama delegasi Organisasi Pembebasan Palestina (PLO) yang berkunjung.

Baru pertama kali ini kedua kubu yang bermusuhan itu mengumumkan perjanjian untuk mengakhiri perselisihan mereka.

Kelompok Hamas menguasai Jalur Gaza pada Juni tahun 2007 setelah mengalahkan pasukan Fatah yang setia pada Presiden Palestina Mahmud Abbas dalam pertempuran mematikan selama beberapa hari.

Sejak itu wilayah pesisir miskin tersebut dibloklade oleh Israel. Palestina pun menjadi dua wilayah kesatuan terpisah -- Jalur Gaza yang dikuasai Hamas dan Tepi Barat yang berada di bawah pemerintahan Abbas. Kini kedua kubu tersebut telah melakukan rekonsiliasi.

Uni Eropa, Israel dan AS memasukkan Hamas ke dalam daftar organisasi teroris.

Israel dan kelompok pejuang Hamas yang menguasai Jalur Gaza terlibat dalam perang delapan hari pada November 2012 yang menewaskan 177 orang Palestina, termasuk lebih dari 100 warga sipil, serta enam orang Israel -- empat warga sipil dan dua prajurit.

Kekerasan itu meletus pada 14 November 2012, dengan pembunuhan komandan militer Hamas Ahmed Jaabari oleh Israel.

Selama operasi delapan hari itu, militer Israel menyatakan telah menghantam lebih dari 1.500 sasaran, sementara pejuang Gaza menembakkan 1.354 roket ke Israel, 421 diantaranya disergap oleh sistem anti-rudal Iron Dome.

Perjanjian gencatan senjata Hamas-Israel dicapai pada 21 November 2012, sehari setelah diplomasi bolak-balik yang dilakukan oleh Menteri Luar Negeri AS Hillary dan Sekretaris Jendral PBB Ban Ki-moon -- yang tercoreng oleh kekerasan lintas batas yang semakin mematikan antara Israel dan para pejuang di Gaza.


Penerjemah: Memet Suratmadi



Sunday, February 16, 2014

Fikrah Isu Palestin

Isu Palestin ditakdirkan Allah SWT memiliki pelbagai persoalan dan nas-nas al-Qur'an dan Hadith yang ditanzilkan Allah SWT kepada umat semenjak lebih 1400 tahun yang lalu.

Ianya seoah-olah sutu bentuk didikan dan pengajaran untuk dijadikan suatu amal mulia oleh ummat bagi beroleh keridhaanNya. Persoalan Palestin seolah-olah tidak boleh dikesempaningkan oleh setiap ummat dan perlu sama-sama didepani dengan penuh kesungguhan dan ketaqwaan.

Berkut adalah link-link yang dapat mejelaskan fikrah kita akan qadiah Palestin hari ini dan akan datang:-

Link Khutbah Jumaat Penodaan Zionis Terhadap masjidil Aqsa;




Monday, January 27, 2014

Gerakan Boikot Israel Sedunia

Keganasan dan 'kurang ajar' Israel yang berfahaman zionis sememang sudah melampaui batas kemanusiaan. Kezalimannya telah membuatkan siapa sahaja yang prihatin akan erti kemanusiaan menjadi 'tidak senang duduk' keatas bermaharajelalanya Israel.

Pelbagai reaksi masyarakat awam ditunjukkan bagi memberi 'message' kepada pemimpin Israel dan rakyatnya. Walaupun tidak banyak pemimpin-pemimpin dunia yang yang ambil kesah akan kedurjanaan Israel, namun di kalangan rakyat khususnya di barat begitu jelas akan kedurjanaan Israel yang perlu ditentang.

Apakah Asas Penting Gerakan Boikot?

Beberapa asas penting mengapa orang awam termasuk mereka di barat bersungguh-sungguh untuk memboikot Israel?

a. Israel Negara Haram.
Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territories is “considered illegal under international humanitarian law,”

b. Israel Merampas Tanah Orang Palestin Tanpa Hak.

c. Israel Menggunakan Kuasa Ekonomi Untuk Membunuh.

d. Israel Tidak Memberikan Hak Rakyat Palestin Dalam Pendidikan.

e.












Jenis-jenis Boikot Israel;

1. Boikot Barangan Israel.

Link video aktivis UK boikot barangan Israel dan rampas barangan di Tesco UK.


2. Boikot Barangan Syarikat Yang Membantu Israel.


3. Gerakan Boikot Universiti Israel.





Kesan Boikot


http://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/growing-boycott-will-hit-each-us-pocket-warns-israel-finance-minister




Wednesday, December 4, 2013

Khalid Meshaal Lawat Malaysia

Pemimpin Politik Hamas, Khaid Meshaal telah menerima undangan PCOM dan UMNO dan kini beliau berada di Kuala Lumpur. Khalid antara lain menghadiri perhimpunan agung UMNO 2013 di PWTC di samping beberapa pertemuan meja bulat dengan NGO-NGO khususnya yang memberikan kerjasama membantu rakyat Palestin di dalam misi-misi kemanusiaan.

Ulasan Dr Hafizi ( di dalam FB) mengenai kenyataan bahawa UMNO dan PCOM akan menjadi orang tengah di dalam usaha menyatukan Hamas dan Fatah;


Jadi UMNO akan menjadi orang tengah menyatukan HAMAS dan Fatah. Komitmen ini amat dihargai oleh Khaled Mish'al. 

Saya ulas di sini bukan untuk memperkecilkan niat murni UMNO yang sekarang ini sedang mengadakan Perhimpunan Agungnya dan Khaled Mish'al adalah tetamu hi-profil yang dijemput oleh UMNO kali ini.

Siapa pun tidak akan menjadi batu penghalang dan cuba menggagalkan perpaduan di kalangan rakyat Palestin. Tetapi tawaran ini dan sambutan ke atas inisiatif penting ini perlu dilihat dengan penilaian tertentu.

1. Soal perdamaian adalah soal pokok umat Islam. Tidak perlu diulas lagi dari sudut akidah dan tuntutan ukhuwah - apatah lagi dalam keadaan berhadapan dengan musuh hakiki (musuh sampai akhirat) umat Islam iaitu zionis.

2. Namun perpaduan itu ada asasnya. Apabila soalan yang sama diajukan kepada Dr Azzam Tamimi yang kebetulan juga ada di Malaysia saat ini, apakah harapan bagi HAMAS dan Fatah bersatu. Jawapan beliau sebagaimana yang diduga ialah perpaduan ini bolih menjadi kenyataan tetapi dengan syarat Fatah mengubah prinsipnya. Kenapa Fatah pula yang kena merubah prinsip? Sebabnya ialah Fatah kini tunduk kepada Israel dan menggadaikan prinsip-prinsip asas perjuangan Palestin. Dosa paling besar Fatah ialah mengiktiraf Israel bahkan melupuskan 78% dari bumi Palestin kepada Israel selama-lamanya. Fatah sanggup tunduk kepada perjanjian damai yang berat sebelah yang berterusan mengkhianati rakyat Palestin di luar Palestin bahkan rakyat Palestin yang berada di Tebing Barat, Baitul Makdis timur dan di kejiranan kota lama di mana terletaknya masjid al Aqsa. Fatah bersetuju dengan perjanjian Oslo. perjanjian Taba, Camp David yang jelas merupakan satu penipuan dan Fatah menjadi lumpuh dan menyaksikan sahaja pelanggaran demi pelanggaran yang dilakukan oleh Israel ke atas perjanjian yang di tanda tanganinya sendiri

Soalnya di sini bersediakan Fatah menukar prinsip perjuangannya yang bersepakat dengan Israel demi mengekang pergerakan dan perjuangan Hamas bukan sahaja di Tebing Barat bahkan di Gaza.

3. Khaled Mish'al adalah seorang yang faham erti diplomasi. Diplomasi dalam banyak keadaan adalah 'lakonan' yang dikedepankan sebagai untuk paparan rasmi. Sudah pastilah Khaled Mish'al akan bercakap soal perpaduan di mata umum kerana memang itupun hasrat dan harapan semua orang. Perjuangan Palestin sukar untuk menyatukan umat Islam dalam keadaan rakyatnya bersatu apatah lagi dalam keadaan rakyatnya bertelagah. Bahasa diplomasi ini jugalah yang digunakan oelh Khaled Mish'al apabila berada d Iran. Khaled Mish'al memuji Iran kerana menyokong perjuangan HAMAS. Bahkan ini jugalah bahasa diplomasi yang digunakan oleh PM Ismail Haniyeh ketika berada di Iran. Apakah bererti Khaled Mish 'al menyokong Iran dan sebuah kerajaan Syiah? Pastinya tidak. Yang diraikan dan disokong ialah sokongan Iran kepada Hamas. Dan seperti yang diulas oleh Dr Azam Tamimi, siapapun yang hendak menyokong perjuangan Hamas akan dialu-alukan dengan syarat sokongan itu tidak meletakkan pra syarat. Hamas mesti melakukan sesuatu atau mengambil satu pendirian jika ingin mendapatkan sokongan dari mana-mana pihak. Umpamanya kami akan bekalkan roket dengan syarat kamu bersedia untuk menyatakan sokongan ke atas Basyar Assad. Dalam ertikata yang lain siapapun yang sokong HAMAS akan dialu-alukan dengan syarat sokongan itu adalah sokongan yang tidak ada sebarang ikatan (no strings attached).

4. Apakah kita mengharapkan Khaled Mish'al akan berucap dalam perhimpunan Agung UMNO sebagai tetamu kehormat luar negara dalam bentuk ucapan bahasa perang dan konfrantasi dengan Fatah. Apakah kita mengharapkan Khaled Mish'al meluangkan slogan yang beliau luangkan di Gaza iaitu setiap inici dari bumi Palestin dari Jordan sampai Laut Mediteranean akan diambil semula dari israel dan sekutu sepakatnya Fatah? 'From the River to the sea, Palestine will be free!' atau berikrar untuk 'Menyertai PLO dan menguasainya kerana Fatah sudah tidak relevan dalam perjuangan pembebasan Palestin?

5. Apa yang akan berlaku inisiatif untuk menjadi orang tengah ini hanya tinggal retorik dalam Perhimpunan Agung. Setakat mana ia boleh diterjemahkan, sama-sama kita lihat. Kerana yang pertama bukan tidak pernah wujud kerajaan perpaduan Hamas dan Fatah sejak berlakunya Pilihanraya Legislatif pertama pada tahun 2006. Dua kali kerajaan perpaduan yang diketuai oleh teknokrat terungkai dan puluhan inisiatif yang lain berhadapan dengan jalan buntu samada yang diusahakan oelh Mesir, Yaman atau Arab Saudi.

6. Ketika Khaled Mish'al melakukan satu insiatif kerjasama dengan Fatah dengan bersetuju Presiden Mahmud Abbas sebagai presiden interim kepada sebuah kerajaan perpaduan dua tahun yang lalu - PM Ismail Haniyeh hanya mendiamkan diri. Tiada sebarang komen dari beliau. Akhirnya ia tinggal retorik di atas kertas dan sehingga hari ini tidak ada langkah susulan.

Selamat bersidang para perwakilan dalam Persidangan Agung UMNO.

Sekian. Perlu bergerak sekarang untuk memenuhi undangan Persidangan Meja Bulat anjuran PCOM bersama Khaled Mish'al

******************************

PERTEMUAN KHAS MEJA BULAT TIMB PRESIDEN IKRAM,PENGERUSI AQSA SYARIF DENGAN KHALID MESHAAL DI K.L.



Pertemuan dgn Sy Khaled Mish'al di pej PCOM. Bersama Timb Pres IKRAM Prof Dr Mohamed Hatta Shaharom. Saya hadir mewakili Aqsa Syarif. Perjumpaan ini cukup bermakna dengan mutiara-mutiara pesanan dari beliau. Beliau turut menjelaskan beberapa isu berkaitan usaha rekonsiliasi Hamas-Fatah. Ulasan beliau cukup berhemah dan berhati-hati.

Spt yg saya sebut pd Prof Dr Hatta, this is one of the precious moments we'll treasure for as long as we live.

Sukar untuk dinukil apa yg dialami dlm pertemuan tadi. Maka saya memilih untuk menyimpannya dalam sanubari - semuga membekas di hati dan melahirkan istiqamah di atas jalan dakwah dan jihad ini.


Sunday, December 1, 2013

Pemimpin Utama Hamas, Khaled Meshaal Melawat Malaysia.


(Direct translation using goodle translate) 
Kuala Lumpur - The Palestinian Information Center



The head of the political bureau of the Islamic Resistance Movement " Hamas," Khaled Meshaal , on Sunday (1-12 ) , the capital of Malaysia , " Kuala Lumpur " to attend the party conference " UMNO " the ruling , and that , accompanied by a delegation of the leader

ship of the movement , featuring organic political bureau of the movement Mohamed Nasr , and Sami Khater , and international relations official Osama Hamdan, the Hamas movement .

A senior source in Hamas leadership in an exclusive statement to " the Palestinian Information Center " is scheduled to meet with Meshaal, the Prime Minister of Malaysia Dato Seri Najib Razak , as well as the Secretary General of the party " UMNO " Governor Dato Seri Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansur , and a number of other political leaders in the country.


The source added that the torch will deliver a speech on Tuesday ( 3-12 ) in the international forum hosted by the party ahead of the opening session of its annual conference the year , as it is scheduled to deliver a speech last in the International Islamic University Malaysia , which includes students from more than 100 nationalities including Palestinians .


This is the first official visit of the head of the Hamas political bureau for Malaysia , in an indication of the level of development of the relationship between movement and Malaysia .

The Prime Minister of Malaysia visited Gaza in January of this year , to contribute to break the siege imposed on the Gaza Strip .


*******************************

About Khalid Mashaal
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khaled_Mashal
Khaled Mashaal
خالد مشعل
Khaled Meshaal 01.jpg
Khaled Mashal, 20 January 2009
Chairman of the Hamas Political Bureau
Incumbent
Assumed office
1996
Personal details
Born28 May 1956 (age 57)
SilwadWest Bank
NationalityPalestinian
Political partyHamas
ResidenceDohaQatar Meshall family
Alma materKuwait University
Stenden University
ReligionSunni Islam



Khaled Mashal, (Arabicخالد مشعل‎ Khālid MashʿalLevantine Arabic: [xaːled meʃʕal], born 28 May 1956) is a Palestinian political leader and the leader of the Hamas political bureau since the Israeli assassination of Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi in 2004.[1]
After the founding of Hamas in 1987, Mashal came to lead the Kuwaiti branch of the organization.[1] He moved from Kuwait to Jordan in 1991. Since the expulsion of the Hamas leadership from Jordan in August 1999, Mashal lived in Qatar before moving to the Syriancapital of Damascus in 2001. He returned to Qatar in 2012 as a result of the Syrian civil war.

Early life and education[edit]

Mashal was born in Silwad, a village north of Ramallah, in 1956.[2] He attended Silwad Elementary School until the 1967 Six-Day War. His father moved the family to Kuwait afterwards for financial reasons. Mashal joined the Muslim Brotherhood in 1971.[1] Mashal earned a bachelor of science degree in Physics from Kuwait University.

Membership with Hamas[edit]

While at Kuwait University, Mashal headed the Islamic Justice (qa’imat al-haq al-islamiyya) list in the General Union of Palestinian Students (GUPS) elections in 1977. The basis for the Islamic Justice list was the Palestinian Islamic movement, as part of the Muslim Brotherhood. After the cancellation of the GUPS elections, Mashal established the Islamic League for Palestinian Students (al-rabita al-islamiyya li talabat filastin) in 1980.[3] Mashal was a teacher in Kuwait from 1978 to 1984. He was married in 1980 and is the father of three daughters and four sons.[4]
In 1983, the Palestinian Islamic movement convened an internal, closed conference in an Arab state. It included delegates from the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Palestinian refugeesfrom various Arab states. It was an important milestone as it laid the foundation for the creation of Hamas. Mashal was part of the leadership of the project to build a Palestinian Islamic movement from its inception. After 1984, he devoted himself to the project on a full-time basis.
Mashal lived in Kuwait until the 1991 Gulf War. When Iraq invaded Kuwait, he moved to Jordan and began working directly with Hamas. He has been a member of Hamas' Political Bureau since its inception and became its chairman in 1996.

Assassination attempt[edit]

On 25 September 1997, Mashal was the target of an assassination attempt carried out by the Israeli Mossad under orders from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his security cabinet. The assassination was intended as retaliation to the 1997 Mahane Yehuda Market Bombings. At the time of the assassination attempt Mashal was considered Hamas' Jordanian branch chief. Two Mossad agents carrying fake Canadian passports entered Jordan, where Mashal was living. The Mossad agents waited at the entrance of the Hamas offices in Amman. As Mashal walked into his office, one of the agents came up from behind and held a device to Mashal's left ear that transmitted a fast-acting poison.[5] Soon afterward the two Israeli agents were captured.[6]
Immediately after the incident, Jordan's King Hussein demanded that Benjamin Netanyahu turn over the antidote for the poison, threatening to sever diplomatic relations and to try the detained Israeli agents.[6] At first Netanyahu refused, but the incident quickly grew in political significance. As Israeli-Jordanian relations deteriorated rapidly, with King Hussein threatening to void the historic 1994 peace between the two countries should Meshaal die,[7] U.S President Bill Clinton intervened and compelled Netanyahu to hand it over.[8] The head of Mossad, Danny Yatom, flew to Jordan, with the prime minister's consent, bringing with him an antidote to treat Mashal.[9] However, doctors at the King Hussein Medical Center, where Meshaal lay in a coma, had already administered the same antidote—naloxone (Narcan), an anti-opioid—after observing Meshaal's symptoms to be consistent with anopioid overdose.[7]
The antidote likely saved his life.[6] After the incident, Meshaal told Third Way magazine: "Israeli threats have one of two effects: some people are intimidated, but others become more defiant and determined. I am one of the latter."[10] Although the governments of Israel and Jordan both denied that prisoner-exchange negotiations were held, the spiritual leader of Hamas, Ahmed Yassin, was released from Israeli incarceration,[6] despite serving a life sentence,[11] immediately after both Israeli agents were deported to Israel by the Jordanian authorities. Afterward, more Palestinian and Jordanian prisoners were released by Israel.[6]

Exile[edit]

In 1999, Hamas was banned in Jordan. Jordan's King Abdullah accused Hamas of using Jordanian soil for illegal activities, and Hamas' allies of trying to disrupt the peace treaty between Jordan and Israel.[12] That year, Jordan arrested top Hamas leaders, including Mashal, Mousa Abu Marzook, and five others upon their arrival to Jordan from Iran. They were charged with being members of an organization outlawed by Jordan, for illegal possession of light weapons and hand grenades, fraud, and illegal fund raising.[13] Mashal was expelled from Jordan [14] and made his home initially in Qatar.[15] In 2001, he moved to DamascusSyria.[1]
In February 2012, as the Syrian civil war progressed, Meshal left Syria and returned to Qatar.[16] Hamas distanced itself from the Syrian regime and shut down its offices inDamascus. Soon after, Mashal announced his support for the Syrian opposition, prompting Syrian state TV to issue a "withering attack" on him.[17] During this time he operated both in Doha and Cairo.[18]
In December 2012, following Operation Pillar of Defense and the truce between Israel and Hamas, Mashal announced that he would visit Gaza, after 37 years of exile.[19]

Representing Hamas internationally[edit]

Mashal ( Meshall) was a vocal critic of Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat, often refusing to follow directives issued by the PA regarding ceasefires with Israel. Mashal was considered a key force behind this policy, along with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin. However, Mashal did attend Arafat's funeral, in Cairo on 12 November 2004.
On 29 January 2006, after the surprise Hamas victory in the Palestinian legislative council elections, Mashal stated that Hamas had no plans to disarm. He declared that Hamas was ready to "unify the weapons of Palestinian factions, with Palestinian consensus, and form an army like any independent state... an army that protects our people against aggression". Later, on 13 February 2006, Mashal declared that Hamas would end the armed struggle against Israel if Israel withdrew to its pre-1967 borders and recognize a Palestinian right of return.[20] In a Reuters interview on 31 July 2006, Mashal warned Palestinians everywhere against attempts to separate the Lebanese and Palestinian issues.[21] He reaffirmed this stance in a 5 March 2008 interview with Al Jazeera English,[22][23] citing Hamas's signing of the 2005 Cairo Declaration and the National Reconciliation Document, and denied any rejectionist stance.[24] In an interview given to Sky News on 30 March 2008, Mashal said, that Hamas would not recognize Israel and supported Hamas suicide bombings saying it was "Palestinian resistance" reaction opposing "Israeli crimes".[25]
Former US President Jimmy Carter met with Mashal on 21 April 2008 and reached an agreement that Hamas would accept the creation of a Palestinian state in the West Bank andGaza Strip, provided that such a state was ratified by the Palestinian people in a referendum. Hamas later offered a ten-year truce if Israel returned to the 1967 borders and recognized all Palestinian refugees' "right of return." Israel did not respond to the offer.[26][27] Later, on 27 May 2008, Mashal met the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, inTeheran and stated, "The Palestinian nation will continue its resistance despite all pressures and will not under any circumstances stop its jihad."[28] Hamas stated that it did not feel bound by the "Road Map to Peace" promoted by the Diplomatic Quartet, since Israel was not honoring its commitments to that 'road map'.[29] Hamas rejects the establishment of a "Palestinian entity [...] with no true sovereignty, whose principal duty is to maintain Israel's security."[22]

Prisoner swap[edit]

Mashal was involved in negotiating a prisoner exchange deal which released captured Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit in exchange for over 1,000 Palestinian prisoners in Israel. Shalit was seized inside Israel near the southern Gaza Strip border by a coalition of Palestinian paramilitary groups, including Hamas, who had crossed the border through an underground tunnel near the Kerem Shalom border crossing.[30] On 10 July 2006, Mashal spoke authoritatively concerning the Israeli prisoner, stating Shalit was a prisoner of war and demanding a prisoner swap.[31]
On 18 June 2008, Israel announced a bilateral ceasefire with Hamas which formally began on 19 June 2008. The agreement was reached after talks between the two camps were conducted with Egyptian mediators in Cairo. As part of the ceasefire, Israel has agreed to resume limited commercial shipping across its border with Gaza, barring any breakdown of the tentative peace deal, and Hamas hinted that it would discuss the release of Shalit.[32] However, on 29 July 2008, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas voiced his strong opposition to the release of 40 Hamas members of the Palestinian parliament in exchange for Shalit.[33] On 2 October 2009, after the swap of 20 Palestinian prisoners for a proof-of-life video, Khaled Mashal vowed to capture more soldiers.[34]
On 18 October 2011, Shalit was released and handed over to Israel in exchange for 1,027 Palestinian prisoners.[35]

Recent events[edit]

In 2010, the British magazine New Statesman listed Khaled Mashal at number 18 in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010".[36] In February 2012, as the Syrian civil war progressed, Meshal left Syria and returned to Qatar.[37] Soon after, he announced his support for the Syrian opposition.[17] In 2012, he visited Gaza for the first time, to celebrate the 25th anniversary of Hamas.[38][39]

Tour of the Gaza Strip[edit]

Mashal arrived in the Gaza Strip for the first time on 7 December 2012, beginning a four-day-long visit to the territory, for the 25th anniversary of Hamas's founding. Upon arriving at the Rafah border crossing between Egypt and Gaza, Mashal prostrated himself on the ground in prayer,[40] and was "moved to tears" by his reception.[41] Mashal referred to his visit as his "third birth" telling cheering crowds, "We politicians are in debt to the people of Gaza."[42]
Traveling through Gaza City on the first day of his tour, Mashal visited the home of the assassinated founder of Hamas, Ahmed Yassin, as well as the home of Ahmed Jabari, the slain deputy chief of Hamas’s military wing, who was assassinated at the start of the Israeli offensive in the previous month.[40] While coming together with Palestinian factional leaders and the families of Palestinians killed by or imprisoned in Israel, he further remarked, "The Palestinian national commitment is under the responsibility of everyone. Disagreement isn't religiously or logically correct, it will weaken us."[43]
Addressing tens of thousands of attendees of Hamas's 25th anniversary in Gaza City's Katiba Square, Mashal stated that armed resistance was the correct path for Palestinians to gain their rights and "liberate" Palestine.[44] He reiterated his movement’s refusal to concede any part of historical Palestine, stating "Palestine from the river to the sea, from the north to the south, is our land and we will never give up one inch."[40][41] However, he also lent support to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' successful initiative for international recognition of the State of Palestine at the United Nations, adding his belief that diplomacy helped the Palestinian cause, but was needed in conjunction with "resistance."[40] At the conclusion of his visit Mashal stressed that Palestinian reconciliation was critical, stating that "Gaza and the West Bank are two dear parts of the greater Palestinian homeland."[41]